|Digging, Planting, and Watering In
Follow These Steps Carefully, And It Will Work Every Time!
|Rose Informational Page
by Bob Bauer
|Digging Of The Rose Hole
You have got to dig a big hole, period. This is the most important thing for the future of your rose. The hole has to be at least this big: 18 to 24 inches in diameter AND 18 to 24 inches deep. If you have rocky soil, this step can be a nightmare. A digging bar and a pickaxe help a lot, so will a clam shell post hole digger. The good news is that the hole really doesn't need to be bigger than 2 feet in diameter by 2 feet deep. This size will work for almost all roses. Lucky is the gardener who is just able to simply dig the hole in a minute or two with a simple spade shaped shovel. Realize how lucky you are.
How to Grow Page
|Bare Root Rose Planting
Foolproof Method: A. After soaking (no more than 24 hours), plant the bare root roses in 2 to 3 gallon black nursery pots, in good quality bagged potting soil from the nursery or garden center. (Don't use the cheapest stuff).
B. Keep them moist, NEVER allow them to dry out.
C. Don't plant them too soon, they can't take any frosts after they have budded out. Move them inside on nights with frost if you buy them early.
D. NEVER ever ever ever EVER buy bare root roses that have budded or leafed out. Buy only bare root roses with dormant canes that are healthy green and relatively smooth.
E. Don't ever buy bare root roses with ANY signs of fungal diseases at all.
F. Transfer them to the ground only after they have fully leafed out and finished their first bloom cycle.
Follow these suggestions and 100 percent of your roses will survive......... maybe. heh heh
Planting directly into the ground. Unless you already have great soil, I recommend that you buy potting soil from your local home center or nursery. Pour some of the soil into the hole and form a cone shaped mound. Add a couple of tablespoons of bone meal and a 1/4 cup of time release rose fertilizer for best results. Lightly mix the additions into the cone with your fingers. Place the bare root on the cone. place a stick or shovel handle across the hole in order to show where the soil level is. Move the bulge of the bud union graft to it's proper position for your climate: (cold climates 2 inches below soil level, moderate climates at soil level and warm climates a couple of inches above soil level). Next, Hold the bare root in place as you fill up the rest of the hole with the bagged potting soil. Firmly pack down the soil by walking around the rose. Then water the rose generously.
But Wait! You are not done yet. Next you will want to add more soil or compost to form a cone 8 inches to a foot above soil level. This keeps the rose from drying out while it's new roots are forming.
Keep this mound and the rose moist for the next few weeks! A few weeks later as the bare root starts to leaf out, gently remove the above ground soil cone, being careful not to knock off the new buds. You can do this with a sprinkle from your garden hose. Don't wait too long to remove the cone mound. After the mound is removed you then need to form a basin of soil around the base of the rose. This basin should be about 2 feet in diameter.
|Potted Rose Planting
Potted rose planting is considerably easier. Add a bit of soil into the hole, then remove the rose from the pot by turning it upside down.a the rose and the root ball should all come out in one piece. Place the unpotted rose in the hole and make sure the bud union is in the proper place in relation to the soil level. See above for the instructions. Next, fill the rose hole up with soil and form a basin around the rose about two feet in diameter. Next water the rose in. Fill the basin with water, let it drain out and then fill it again. I recommend that you use bagged potting soil when planting roses. Most soils will benefit from this.
|Watering In Your New Rose
It can not be overstated how important this step is. Your rose MUST be kept moist for the first several weeks after planting. This is the most critical time in the life of a transplanted rose. A bare root will die if it is allowed to dry out, even if it gets dry for just a very short period of time. Water your bare root rose EVERY DAY. If you are in a dry climate, you might even need to water it several times a day. UNTIL YOUR ROSE IS FULLY LEAFED OUT AND ESTABLISHED IT MUST BE KEPT MOIST. Have I shouted loud enough for you here?
|What To Do For Next Two Weeks: PAY ATTENTION!
Now this is so important that I must say it again. Pay attention every day to your rose for the next couple of weeks. Why? Because it is at it's most vulnerable here. Aphid infestation? you have to nip it in the bud. Rust appearing on your plant? If you don't deal with it the second you see it, it is all over for your rose. If your rose dries out, it is history. And don't forget, you must start removing the mounded soil from your bare roots when the buds reach over 1/2 inch long. Otherwise they will turn white, and get burned and dry up when you remove the mounded soil later.